Rewilding and other ways to boost biodiversity
- The rewilding of UK roadsides could convert 1.2% of the country’s landmass into wildflower meadows.
- The European Rewilding Network is an online platform launched to coordinate rewilding projects and help environmentalists share their knowledge and expertise.
- Gardening activist groups are bringing inner city neighborhoods back to nature, augmenting urban ecosystems.
The word “pre” is common on UK street signs, but 97% of the wilderness they referred to has disappeared since the 1930s.
Grasslands and wilderness are home to hundreds of species of wild flowers and plants, create critical habitats for the wildlife, birds and insects they feed on, and provide a natural reserve of CO2 that can help combat climate change.
Here are three ways people work with nature to conserve existing ecosystems and rehabilitate lands to create new ones.
1. Creation of roadside meadows
Roadsides – the strip of green lining the roads and what lies beyond – cover 1.2% of Britain and offer a unique opportunity for rewilding, according to a new study published in Science Direct.
Scientists at the Institute for Environment and Sustainability at the University of Exeter have found that more than a quarter of UK roadsides are made up of grassland, which is regularly cut rather than left in the wild .
Although some sections must be cut to allow motorists to see traffic signs and pedestrians, left untouched or mowed less frequently, this land could be used to cultivate wildflower meadows that create habitats for wildlife. It is possible to create a combined wildflower zone covering an area equivalent to five of the major UK cities: London, Birmingham, Manchester, Cardiff and Edinburgh, the Guardian reports.
“Our key message is that there are a lot of roadsides in Britain and we could manage them better for nature. About a quarter of our roadsides are mowed very regularly to make them look like garden lawns – it’s bad for wildlife, ”Exeter’s Ben Phillips told the newspaper.
Rewilding Europe environmentalists are looking beyond the roadsides, in a bid to make Europe a wilder place.
From protecting rivers from commercial logging in the wild snow-covered Swedish Lapland of Northern Europe, to rewilding abandoned farmland in the Southern Carpathian Mountains in Romania, the group aims to recover wild landscapes on a large scale in at least 10 regions of the.
Together with local partners, these initiatives reclaim nature and explore ways in which people can exist in harmony with the natural world and earn a fair living from nature.
To connect new conservation projects, volunteers and other stakeholders, the group launched the European Rewilding Network (ERN), an online platform that provides information and tools to help and support rewilding initiatives across the continent.
Members can access a database of projects and share their experiences and knowledge of best practices on issues such as raising public awareness of conservation, preserving ecosystems, reintroducing species and working with communities. local communities to develop sustainable jobs.
3. Guerrilla gardening in city centers
Since 1973 a group called Green guerrillas educated, organized and cultivated community gardens in New York City.
Volunteers from the boroughs and neighborhoods of the city come together to regenerate communal lands and create urban gardens that bring apartment buildings and city blocks to life. Green Guerillas distributes soil, herbs and vegetable plants to community garden groups, helping them harvest crops like tomatoes, beans and cucumbers.
The device encourages young people to develop a green thumb by participating in urban agriculture. The group’s Youth Empowerment Pipeline is a nine-month program of workshops and participation in urban gardening that helps young New Yorkers develop their employment and leadership skills while learning about food security.
Over the past 100 years, more than 90 percent of crop varieties have disappeared from farmers’ fields, and the world’s 17 major fishing grounds are now exploited at or above their sustainable limits.
These trends have reduced the diversity of our diets, which is directly linked to diseases or health risk factors, such as diabetes, obesity and malnutrition.
The Tropical Forest Alliance is an initiative that is once again emphasizing biodiversity.
This global public-private partnership works to eliminate deforestation from four global commodity supply chains: palm oil, beef, soybeans, and pulp and paper.
The Alliance includes businesses, governments, civil society, indigenous peoples and communities, and international organizations.
Find out how to become a member or partner of the Forum and help stop deforestation linked to supply chains.
North of the US border in Canada, another group of market gardening guerrillas is also concerned about food security.
Volunteers armed with gardening tools are reclamation of abandoned land owned by the City of Prince George, British Columbia.
Planting seeds and bringing back the neglected land in the city center to nature offers homeless people and area residents a way to grow their own food. These urban oases also offer new environments to help downtown insects and wildlife thrive.