How long does it take for grass seeds to grow? Expert advice for a lush lawn
Looking to revive your garden with a new patch of greenery, but don’t know where to start? There are a few key basic things to consider to get you on the right ground.
The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) explains that grasses are classified as “cool” or “warm” season grasses, depending on their growth cycle.
Cool-season grasses can be planted when temperatures are cooler and days shorter, while warm-season grasses require warmer temperatures and longer days to grow.
Here we compile the best gardening tips for those looking for a lush lawn.
How long do weed seeds need to grow?
Talk to News week, Author and houseplant expert Lisa Eldred Steinkopf said the time it takes for grass seeds to germinate depends on the type of grasses you are growing. For example, Kentucky bluegrass will take longer to germinate than fescues and rye.
The germination periods of grasses can also depend on the temperature, which of course varies according to the geographical areas.
Grass should be sown when soil moisture and temperature are optimal for germination in your area, according to the NRCS.
Plant expert and author Barbara Pleasant said News week: “In the United States, turf specialists in every state publish lists of the best lawn grasses that can be grown from seed. Following regional guidelines ensures that you will choose the best species for your soil and climate.
When is the best time to plant lawn seeds?
Grass seeds can be planted in the spring or fall when the weather is cooler. Make sure you get the right type of grass seed for the area you are planting (sun or shade), Eldred Steinkopf said.
For grass seeds planted in spring, it will take at least two to three weeks (if not longer) for emergence, according to an article in the Kansas State University.
Pleasant says News week: “For best results, sow lawn grasses in the spring. We do this every year, sowing in areas damaged by weather and animals. When kept slightly moist, grass seeds are lifted and sprout in three weeks, and continue to fill all summer. “
Choosing grass seeds
Pleasant said it’s best to buy grass seed locally. Grass seed mixes that follow state extension service recommendations are usually available at independent garden centers and grass and feed stores.
Determining which grass seed to plant depends on the location and type of care, as well as the use the lawn will receive, says Connecticut Agricultural Experimental Station state government.
For example, Kentucky bluegrass thrives in well-drained conditions with sun exposure. Without irrigation, it can turn brown in hot, dry summers, but it usually recovers when cooler, rainy days return.
Fine fescues are best for places where conditions are less optimal, such as where fertility is low or excessive drainage prevents adequate moisture. They will do well in sunny or shady areas.
Pleasant says News week: “Traditional lawn grasses that ‘weave’ together, such as bluegrass and fine fescue, make tough turf for family play, but they often require fertilizer and water.
“There is a tendency to use drought-tolerant bison grass and other low-growing native species in areas where water has become a serious problem. Where too much water is a problem, low-growing native sedges are emerging as good alternatives for lawns, ”she said. Explain.
How to plant grass seeds
One of the most important steps before you plant your grass seeds is to have the soil tested, according to the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.
A soil test will provide information on soil texture and organic matter content, the relative acidity (pH) of the soil as well as whether or not limestone is required.
The test will also report the levels of nutrients for plants, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, to help determine any fertilizer additions that may be needed.
Once you’re ready to plant your seeds, break up the soil and add a good topsoil in low spots or areas where you think better soil is needed. Then level the area before sowing your seed, Eldred Steinkopf advised.
“You can broadcast it [the grass seed] by hand pretending you’re feeding chickens while spreading it out. If you have a larger area, a spreader used for fertilizer is a good idea, ”she said. There are large spreaders as well as portable spreaders. Follow the directions on the grass seed bag to see how much to apply.
You’ll want to cover your seeds with straw (or other commercial products specially designed to cover grass seeds), as this prevents birds from eating them and protects them from erosion when it rains, Eldred Steinkopf said.
The North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services says one or two bales of straw per 1,000 square feet will help lock moisture in the soil. After the seeds germinate, do not try to remove the straw, advises the department.
The department also says it’s important to keep the top half an inch of soil moist until the seeds germinate and emerge. It can mean daily watering.
Eldred Steinkopf explained that it is important to keep your seeds moist as the germination rate will be reduced if left to dry.